Ruby on Rails and Django are powerful open-source web frameworks. They both offer developers high-end tools to build web pages and applications swiftly in style. They are not just some newly introduced web applications, as they’ve revolutionized the web development process for the past two decades.
The RoR and Django frameworks are widely used by developers worldwide. So, it’s no surprise that some of our favorite social media and e-commerce platforms are built on these frameworks.
If you are stuck, not knowing which is best suited for your project, this article provides you with a detailed comparison of these two frameworks, including the benefits of each over the other. In the end, you’ll be able to make an informed decision on the best one for your project. Let’s get right into it!
Ruby on Rails, simply referred to as Rails, is an open-source framework designed on the Ruby programming language. It provides web developers with a streamlined and structured means of building web applications, adhering to the standards and conventions. Existing for almost two decades, Rails was developed in 2004 by David Heinemeier Hansson – DHH.
Rails follow the Model-View-Controller -MVC pattern, covering frontend and backend web app development features. It contains a series of tools, libraries, and structured designs, allowing the streamlining of the web development processes. Even newbies find it easy to use Rails because of its simplified functionalities. And, with its concise configuration, developers can create sophisticated web apps in a short time. Lastly, it integrates a static compilation feature that enhances optimization.
Django is a high-level open-source web framework designed by highly-skilled developers using Python. It shares similarities with Ruby on Rails in following the MVC pattern. The main aim of this framework is to simplify and hasten the web-building process through the use of simple but sophisticated tools.
Django was built in 2003 by Adrian Holovaty and Simon Willison when trying to create applications using Python, but not made available to the general public until 2005. Nearly two decades later, Django is a mainstay used by NASA, Mozilla, and several other applications of repute.
The main advantage of Rails over the Django web framework is the flexibility it affords developers. However, the principle of convention over configuration provides Rails with one of its most significant advantages – Rapid App Development (RAD).
Building a web server and application with Rails is quicker considering it allows developers to be more expressive and creative with its in-built structures. They just need to follow established conventions, limiting the need for manual configurations.
Therefore, Rails is the better choice for building simple apps with real-time updates, quick solutions, and projects on short deadlines. Also, the Ruby programming language promotes clean, readable codes, which are easier to maintain and streamlines the developer’s task.
Django is better suited for sophisticated projects and high-traffic applications. It’s also easily scalable, unlike Rails.
Django uses a simplified programming language – Python, which is way more popular than Ruby. Python’s large following and community means that developers can access a truckload of resources if they hit a snag.
Furthermore, Django employs a series of comprehensive tools, features, and libraries. These allow for better functionalities, including enhanced database interaction and management of site content.
Below is a detailed comparison of Ruby on Rails and Django.
As earlier mentioned, Ruby on Rails is built on the Ruby programming language, while Django uses Python. That said, Django is easier to learn considering Python is straightforward, uses a simpler syntax, and focuses more on code readability and clarity. Ruby on the other hand is less straightforward and more difficult to master.
Since Django uses the more popular Python, it’s an easier choice for developers to get started, especially with prior Python experience.
Also, extensive Python resources are available for newbies, highlighting the gentle learning curve for Django. On the other hand, the Ruby language is more flexible and demands more time to understand and master. Thus, beginners tend to shy away from Ruby, leaving it for more experienced developers.
With both frameworks approaching twenty years, it’s clear that they both have reputable stability. Rails has an established ecosystem, with routine releases and updates, ensuring it maintains its stability and reputation. Also, Django is robust, reliable, and stable and is used in established production environments. It is the standard framework used by Pinterest, NASA, and several other premium web pages.
It’s no surprise that Django has a more robust and engaging community. But that is not to say that Rails doesn’t. Both frameworks have active communities. Djano has more third-party tools, libraries, and packages because of the Python Package Index (PyPI). Also, it has more documented references and readymade solutions for developers. On the other hand, Ruby on Rails flaunts a dedicated community of more than 5000 developers contributing packaged Gems with reusable codes.
In a general popularity contest, the incredible popularity of Python wins it for Django. Ruby on Rails developers tend to love the framework due to its standards and flexibility.
Reports from StackOverflow with almost 60,000 respondents put Python users at about 44.1% and Ruby at a measly 7.1%. Also, a report from Statista put Django users at approximately 14.65%, with Rails falling short at barely 5.83%.
There’s no direct answer to picking the better framework considering both tools are great in their own way. Your choice will depend on the kind of project you are working on or simply your preference. They are both efficient and suitable for different tasks, having comparable speed, effectiveness, security, etc.
If you are working on a sophisticated app intended to have numerous enticing features, Django may be your best bet. But when looking to launch an app or create web applications quickly, you may have to use Rails; it utilizes shortcuts and offers automated features that streamline the process.
Ruby on Rails and Django are two of the most popular web development frameworks. They share some similarities; however, they have several differences.
Remember, complexity and sophistication favors Django. However, if you are on a leash and require a swifter development process, you should use Rails. Both frameworks, however, provide security features that help secure your applications and avoid common security pitfalls.
Alternative frameworks to Ruby on Rail and Django include Laravel, Express.js, Vue.js and React.js, Flask, ASP.NET Core, Koa, etc. Note that each web application framework has its specifications, advantages, and shortcomings. Just consider the best for your project before deciding which to use.
The following are simple steps to follow if you want to learn the Ruby on Rails framework.
A full-stack framework is one that grants developers access to all the tools required to create and utilize web applications’ back-end and front-end components. It allows developers to integrate the complete tech stack in a single web framework. Therefore, you do not need to use different user and client-side interface tools.
The Django Software Education (DSF) is an independent non-profit that develops, governs, maintains, and supports the Django web framework. The foundation was established in 2008 as the governing body to protect, promote and advance Django. The body also helps foster and encourage an inclusive, active community for Django developers and all users.
Ruby on Rails encourages rapid development through several exciting principles. We will discuss two of the said principles; however, it is not limited to the ones below.
Additionally, Rails may prove effective in avoiding many common security mistakes since you follow a template as you build your web apps.
Flatirons helps businesses create full-stack Ruby on Rails applications.Learn more